Comparitive Study of Taals(English)

Comparitive study of Taals / Taalon ka Tulnatmak Adhyan

Comparitive Study of Taals in simple mean is a comparision of taals. This comparision is done on the following basis:

  1. Vibhags,
  2. Tali-Khali,
  3. Laya,
  4. Use,
  5. Compositions played in concerned taal, etc....

 

Come have a look at the comparison of the following taals.

 

  1. Jhaptaal/Sooltaal
  2. Ektaal/Chartaal
  3. DeepChandi/Jhoomra/Dhamaar
  4. Ada Chautaal/Farodust
  5. Pancham Sawari/Gaj Jhampa
  6. Teen Taal/Tilwada
  7. Roopak/Tivra

 

1.Jhaptaal/Sooltaal

Jhap Taal

  1. It has 10 Beats.
  2. Divisions of 2/3/2/3
  3. Taali - 1,3,8; Khali – 6.
  4. Mishra Padi Taal.
  5. North Indian Taal Group.
  6. Played on Tabla.
  7. Used with Khyal and Accompniment of Instruments, Solo and Bhajan Sangeet.
  8. Mostly Played in Madhya Laya/Medium Tempo.
  9. Peshkar, Kayda, Rela, Tukda, Paran,Etc played in this taal.

Sool Taal

  1. It has 10 Beats.
  2. Divisions of 2/2/2/2/2.
  3. Taali - 1,5,7; Khali – 3,9.
  4. Sam Padi Taal.
  5. South Indian Taal Group.
  6. Played on Pakhawaj.
  7. Used with Dhrupad and Solo.
  8. Mostly Played in Madhya Laya/Medium Tempo.
  9. Rela, Paran, Padaar, Tihai,Etc played in this taal.

 

2.Ek Taal/Chartaal

Ek Taal

  1. It has 12 Beats.
  2. Divisions of 2/2/2/2/2/2.
  3. Taali - 1,5,9,11; Khali – 3,7.
  4. Sam Padi Taal.
  5. North Indian Taal Group.
  6. Played on Tabla.
  7. Used with Khyal and Accompniment of Instruments, Solo.
  8. Played in Vilambit Laya/Slow Tempo, Madhya Laya/Medium Tempo and Drut Laya/Fast Tempo.
  9. Peshkar, Kayda, Rela, Tukda, Paran,Etc played in this taal.

Chartaal

  1. It has 12 Beats.
  2. Divisions of 2/2/2/2/2/2.
  3. Taali - 1,5,9,11; Khali – 3,7.
  4. Sam Padi Taal.
  5. South Indian Taal Group.
  6. Played on Pakhawaj.
  7. Used with Dhrupad and Solo.
  8. Mostly Played in Madhya Laya/Medium Tempo.
  9. Rela, Paran, Padaar, Tihai,Etc played in this taal.

 

 

3. DeepChandi/Jhoomra/Dhamaar

Deep Chandi

  1. It has 14 Beats.
  2. Divisions of 3/4/3/4.
  3. Taali - 1,4,11; Khali – 8.
  4. Mishra Padi Taal.
  5. North Indian Taal Group.
  6. Played on Tabla.
  7. Used with Thumri, Hori and Lok Sangeet.
  8. Played in Vilambit Laya/Slow Tempo, Madhya Laya/Medium Tempo.
  9. Rela, Tukda, Tihai, Laggi,Etc played in this taal.

Jhoomra

  1. It has 14 Beats.
  2. Divisions of 3/4/3/4.
  3. Taali - 1,4,11; Khali – 8.
  4. Mishra Padi Taal.
  5. North Indian Taal Group.
  6. Played on Tabla.
  7. Used with Khyal.
  8. Played in Vilambit Laya/Slow Tempo.

Dhamaar

  1. It has 14 Beats.
  2. Divisions of 5/2/3/4.
  3. Taali - 1,6,11; Khali – 8.
  4. Visham Padi Taal.
  5. South Indian Taal Group.
  6. Played on Pakhawaj.
  7. Used with Solo, Instrumental Accompaniment and Hori.
  8. Played in Vilambit Laya/Slow Tempo, Madhya Laya/Medium Tempo.
  9. Rela, Paran, Padaar, Tihai,Etc played in this taal.

4. Ada Chautaal/Farodust

Ada Chautaal

  1. It has 14 Beats.
  2. Divisions of 2/2/2/2/2/2.
  3. Taali - 1,3,7,11; Khali – 5,9,13.
  4. Sam Padi Taal.
  5. North Indian Taal Group.
  6. Played on Tabla.
  7. Used with Khyal and Accompniment of Instruments, Solo.
  8. Played in Madhya Laya/Medium Tempo.
  9. Peshkar, Kayda, Tukda, Paran,Etc played in this taal.

Farodust

  1. It has 14 Beats.
  2. Divisions of 2/2/2/2/2/2.
  3. Taali - 1,5,9,11,13; Khali – 3,7.
  4. Sam Padi Taal.
  5. North Indian Taal Group.
  6. Played on Tabla.
  7. Used with Khyal and Solo.
  8. Played in Vilambit Laya/Slow Tempo, Madhya Laya/Medium Tempo.
  9. Peshkar, Kayda, Tukda, Paran,Etc played in this taal.

5.Pancham Sawari/Gaj Jhampa

Pancham Sawari

  1. It has 15 Beats.
  2. Divisions of 3/4/4/4.
  3. Taali - 1,4,12; Khali – 8.
  4. Mishra Padi Taal.
  5. North Indian Taal Group.
  6. Played on Tabla.
  7. Used with Khyal and Accompniment of Instruments, Solo.
  8. Played in Vilambit Laya/Slow Tempo, Madhya Laya/Medium Tempo.
  9. Peshkar, Kayda, Tukda, Paran,Etc played in this taal.

Gaj Jhampa

  1. It has 15 Beats.
  2. Divisions of 4/4/3/4.
  3. Taali - 1,5,12; Khali – 9.
  4. Mishra Padi Taal.
  5. North Indian Taal Group.
  6. Played on ????.
  7. Used with Dhrupad and Solo.
  8. Played in Vilambit Laya/Slow Tempo, Madhya Laya/Medium Tempo.
  9. Rela, Paran, Padaar, Tihai,Etc played in this taal.

6. Teen Taal/Tilwada

Teen Taal

  1. It has 16 Beats.
  2. Divisions of 4/4/4/4.
  3. Taali - 1,5,13; Khali – 9.
  4. Sam Padi Taal.
  5. North Indian Taal Group.
  6. Played on Tabla.
  7. Used with Khyal and Accompniment of Instruments, Solo.
  8. Played in Vilambit Laya/Slow Tempo, Madhya Laya/Medium Tempo, Drut Laya/Fast Tempo.
  9. Peshkar, Kayda, Rela, Tukda, Chakardar, Paran,Etc played in this taal.

Tilwada

  1. It has 16 Beats.
  2. Divisions of 4/4/4/4.
  3. Taali - 1,5,13; Khali – 9.
  4. Sam Padi Taal.
  5. North Indian Taal Group.
  6. Played on Tabla.
  7. Used with Khyal.
  8. Played in Vilambit Laya/Slow Tempo.
  9. Small Sized Tihai, Mukhda, Mohra, Etc played in this taal.

7.Roopak/Tivra

Roopak

  1. It has 7 Beats.
  2. Divisions of 3/2/2.
  3. Taali - 4,6; Khali – 1.
  4. Mishra Padi Taal.
  5. North Indian Taal Group.
  6. Played on Tabla.
  7. Used with Khyal and Accompniment of Instruments, Solo.
  8. Played in Vilambit Laya/Slow Tempo, Madhya Laya/Medium Tempo.
  9. Peshkar, Kayda, Rela, Tukda, Chakardar, Paran,Etc played in this taal.

Tivra

  1. It has 7 Beats.
  2. Divisions of 3/2/2.
  3. Taali – 1,4,6; Khali – NA.
  4. Mishra Padi Taal.
  5. South Indian Taal Group.
  6. Played on Pakhawaj.
  7. Used with Dhrupad and Solo.
  8. Played in Madhya Laya/Medium Tempo.
  9. Rela, Paran, Padaar, Tihai,Etc played in this taal.

In conclusion this is the way by which we can compare taals to each other. Comparitive study of taals is also known as "Taalon Ka Tulnatmak Adhyan" in Hindi. It is very impotant for students because this will help them understand the functionality of the taal.